The grinning penguin

Lachen links, L‘Asino, El Bori­not, Il Bec­co Gial­lo, Sim­pli­cis­si­mus. Tit­les like the­se hel­ped shape the artis­tic resis­tan­ce against fascism in the 1920s and 1930s. In nume­rous sati­ri­cal jour­nals, illus­tra­tors, poets and wri­ters used their means to fight against poli­ti­cal insa­ni­ty, which attrac­ted lar­ge sec­tions of the popu­la­ti­on to its side in the inter­war peri­od (11 Novem­ber 1918 – 1 Sep­tem­ber 1939) and expres­sed its­elf in Euro­pe par­ti­cu­lar­ly in Aus­tro­fa­scism under Dollfuß and Schu­sch­nigg, in Ita­li­an Fascism under Mus­so­li­ni, in Spa­nish Fascism under Pri­mo de Rive­ra and Fran­co and in Natio­nal Socia­lism under Hit­ler.

qujOchÖ takes this as a star­ting point for an exami­na­ti­on of this spe­ci­fic form of resis­tan­ce and a trans­for­ma­ti­on into the pre­sent. Along drawings, illus­tra­ti­ons, poems and sto­ries from that time qujOchÖ, tog­e­ther with fri­end­ly artists, fol­lows the foots­teps of Olaf Gul­brans­son, Ragn­vald Blix, Fran­zis­ka Bilek & Co, and of often for­got­ten illus­tra­tors, poets and wri­ters.

Some of the sati­ri­cal jour­nals published in the inter­war peri­od have been digi­ti­zed and made free­ly acces­si­ble in recent years, e. g. the Hei­del­berg his­to­ri­cal hol­dings at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hei­del­berg or the online edi­ti­on of Klas­sik Stif­tung Wei­mar, Deut­sches Lite­ra­tur­ar­chiv Mar­bach and RWTH Aachen. In addi­ti­on, the­re are exhi­bi­ti­on cata­lo­gues and sci­en­ti­fic texts dedi­ca­ted to the sati­re of the­se years. qujOchÖ sifts this mate­ri­al and builds a small archi­ve which ser­ves as the basis for the pro­duc­tion of its own sati­ri­cal maga­zi­ne ent­it­led “Der grin­sen­de Pen­gu­in”. Sub­tit­le: “Sati­re für die 20er-Jahrs” (in engl. “The grin­ning pen­gu­in – Sati­re for the 20s”). The maga­zi­ne is published in a total of three issu­es with a cir­cu­la­ti­on of 7,500 copies, prin­ted in broadsheet on 60 g/m2 recy­cled paper with 8 pages in color. It is dis­tri­bu­t­ed in Vien­na, Graz, Linz, Salz­burg and Inns­bruck.

If the pen­gu­in jumps into the water, don’t be afraid, just jump after him!